Different Treatments for Gum Disease
Gum disease starts easily enough – just neglect to brush twice a day and floss at least once a day.
If you don’t brush and floss, bacteria will grow into a sticky substance that clings to your teeth called plaque. If you still don’t brush/floss, the plaque turns into tartar – only a professional cleaning at a Plano dentist can get rid of tartar.
Tartar and plaque eventually cause an inflammation of your gums known as gingivitis, a very mild form of gum disease. The only symptoms you may have regarding gingivitis is that your gums may bleed either during or after your brush your teeth.
If you still don’t brush and floss and get the tartar off your teeth by a professional cleaning, gingivitis will turn into periodontitis, a much more moderate – and sometimes severe – form of gum disease.
Periodontitis will see your gums pull away from your teeth and form pockets. These can become infected. Meanwhile, your body’s natural infection-fighting response coupled with the fact that – if you’re still not properly taking care of your teeth – bacteria continues to grow on your teeth, the bones and connective tissue that hold your teeth in place will start to break down. Continue on this path and your teeth will become loose and either fall or they will have to be removed.
Beautiful gums and teeth, yes? They could become loose and fall out if your gum diseases progresses!
The treatments for gum disease vary depending on how far the disease has progressed.
Scaling and root planing is a procedure in which your dentist will remove the plaque via a very deep cleaning method known as scaling and root planing. The dentist will scrape (the scaling portion) the tartar from below and above your gum line, while root planing will remove the rough spots on your teeth roots to remove bacteria. Because the work is done below the gum line, you’ll need a local anesthetic.
Your dentist may recommend bone grafting, in which your dental surgeon will graft natural or synthetic bone in the places where you’ve lost bone. This can help promote bone growth.
In addition to planing and scaling, your dentist may decide he needs to remove the tartar deposits that will be found in the pockets around your teeth by performing what is known as flap surgery. This procedure entails the dental surgeon lifting back the gums and removing the tartar. He then will suture the gums back into place so that the tissue fits around the tooth. Note: this procedure sometimes means your teeth will appear larger.
Your dentist also could prescribe medications such as an antimicrobial mouth rinse, an antibiotic gel, an enzyme suppressant, or oral antibiotics.
Your plaque needn’t result in gum disease. Brush and floss your teeth daily and see your Plano dentist at least twice a year. Contact Dr. Darren Dickson by phone or contact our office e-mail at [email protected] and make an appointment.